The medicine Zoloft (generic name: sertraline hydrochloride) is an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor). It's often used in adult ADHD treatment programs to treat the following problems, many of which occur alongside attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD):
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a type of depression that (MDD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety condition (OCD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety illness that occurs (PTSD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a type of premenstrual dysphor (PMDD)
Anxiety about social situations
Zoloft is used to treat OCD in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18. Zoloft's safety and effectiveness in treating any other ailment in children and adolescents under the age of 18 has not been established.
The FDA has not authorized Zoloft as an ADHD drug.
Adults over the age of 65 may be prescribed a lower dose by their doctors.
What is the Best Way to Take Zoloft?
Read the medication guide provided with your Zoloft pills before starting or refilling your prescription, as it may have been updated with new information.
This information should not be used in place of a discussion with your doctor, who has a comprehensive understanding of your medical history, diagnoses, and prescriptions. Before you start taking the drug, ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you have.
Dosage of Zoloft
Follow your Zoloft prescription directions to the letter, just as you would with any other drug. Zoloft is taken once a day, either the morning or the evening. It comes in two different types of formulations.
Tablets are available in doses of 25mg, 50mg, and 100mg. With water or other liquids, they should be swallowed whole.
The oral solution should be measured and poured into water, ginger ale, lemon/lime soda, lemonade, or orange juice, swirled, and consumed completely.
If you're taking Zoloft, don't drink any alcohol.
The ideal dosage varies depending on the ailment being treated. Your doctor may recommend a lesser dosage if you are over 65 years old or have certain medical issues.
Your doctor may gradually reduce your daily dosage until you get the best results — that is, until you reach the lowest dose at which you get the most relief from your symptoms without experiencing any adverse effects.
Patients should collaborate with a doctor to gently decrease the dose of medicine while terminating treatment or reducing dosage. Anxiety, irritability, mood swings, restlessness, difficulty sleeping, headache, sweating, nausea, dizziness, electric shock-like sensations, shaking, or confusion can all occur when you suddenly stop taking Zoloft.
Side Effects of Zoloft
The most prevalent Zoloft adverse effects are comparable to those seen with other SSRIs such as Lexapro.
Nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, indigestion, changes in sleep habits (sleepiness or sleeplessness), increased perspiration, sexual issues, tremor or shaking, weariness, and agitation are all possible adverse effects in adults.
Agitation, increased muscular movement, nose bleeds, frequent urination, incontinence, aggression, heavy menstruation, and maybe slower growth and weight change are all possible side effects in youngsters. Your child's height and weight should be monitored by your doctor. If any difficulties are discovered, your doctor may advise you to stop taking the medication.
Suicidality or manic episodes are among the most serious side effects, as are abnormal bleeding, seizures or convulsions, changes in appetite or weight, eye issues, and low blood salt levels. When initiating medication or adjusting dosage, patients should be regularly monitored and evaluated for increasing depression, changes in behavior, or suicidality.
Taking Zoloft could make it difficult for you or your teen to drive, operate machinery, or perform other potentially risky duties. With time, this negative effect normally fades. Talk to your doctor if side effects are bothersome or do not go away.
The majority of people who use this drug don't have any of these negative effects.
All mental health difficulties, including any family history of suicide, bipolar illness, mania, or depression, should be disclosed to your physician. To avoid provoking a manic episode, the FDA recommends that patients be evaluated for bipolar illness before taking Zoloft. In the initial few months of treatment or following a dosage change, Zoloft may cause new or worsen existing behavior problems, bipolar illness, or suicide ideation. If you or your kid is experiencing new or worsening mental health symptoms, such as unexpected mood swings, aggressive or violent conduct, or severe anxiety or sadness, contact your doctor right once.
Zoloft raises serotonin levels in the brain and can cause serotonin syndrome, or poisoning, which can be fatal. Seek medical care right away if you or your kid develops changes in mental state, coordination issues, muscular twitching, rapid heartbeat, high or low blood pressure, sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Consult your doctor if you have any bleeding problems or if your salt levels are out of whack. For certain people, Zoloft might cause irregular bleeding and a low salt level in the blood. These issues may be more common among the elderly.
This is not an exhaustive list of possible adverse effects. Discuss any health changes you find that aren't stated above with your doctor or pharmacist.