Dissociative mental disorder

Dissociative diseases are mental illnesses characterized by a loss of connection and continuity between ideas, memories, environment, activities, and identity. Dissociative illnesses generate problems in everyday life because people with them flee reality in uncontrollable and unhealthy ways.

Dissociative illnesses are a type of psychosis that develops in response to trauma and aids in the eradication of painful memories. The sort of dissociative disorder you have influences your symptoms, which can range from amnesia to alternate identities. Stress can exacerbate symptoms and make them more visible for a short period of time.

Talk therapy (psychotherapy) and medication may be used to treat dissociative disorders. Despite the difficulty of treating dissociative disorders, many people develop new coping mechanisms and go on to have healthy, productive lives.


Depending on the type of dissociative disorder you have, you may experience the following signs and symptoms:

Certain time periods, events, persons, and personal information are lost in memory (amnesia).

A feeling of being cut off from yourself and your feelings

A skewed and surreal perception of the people and things around you

A muddled sense of self

Significant troubles or stress in your relationships, employment, or other vital aspects of your life

Inability to handle emotional or professional stress effectively

Depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors are examples of mental health issues.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) issued by the American Psychiatric Association defines three primary dissociative disorders:

Dissociative amnesia is a type of amnesia that occurs when two or more people Memory loss that is more severe than typical forgetfulness and that cannot be explained by a medical condition is the main symptom. You can't remember details about yourself, events, or people in your life, especially if it happened during a difficult period. Dissociative amnesia can be localized to events in a specific time frame, such as severe warfare, or it can be more uncommon full memory loss. It may occasionally entail travel or a disoriented wandering away from your life (dissociative fugue). Amnesia normally strikes suddenly and lasts minutes, hours, or, in rare cases, months or years.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a type of dissociative identity disorder This disease, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is marked by the "switching" of identities. You may sense the presence of two or more persons speaking or living inside your head, as well as the feeling of being possessed by other personalities. Each identity may have an own name, personal history, and traits, such as obvious voice, gender, mannerisms, and even physical characteristics such as the necessity for spectacles. There are also distinctions in how one identity is acquainted with the others. Dissociative identity disorder is frequently accompanied by dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue.

Depersonalization-derealization syndrome is a type of depersonalization illness. This is characterized by an ongoing or episodic experience of detachment or being outside of yourself, as if watching a movie and observing your actions, feelings, ideas, and self from afar (depersonalization). Other people and objects around you may appear disconnected, foggy, or dreamy; time may appear to be slowed or sped up; and the world may appear surreal (derealization). Depersonalization, derealization, or both may occur. Symptoms, which can be quite upsetting, can last only a few minutes or linger for years.