Medication, behavior therapy, counseling, and educational services are all common treatments for ADHD in children. Many of the symptoms of ADHD can be alleviated with these therapies, but they do not cure the condition. Finding out what works best for your child may take some time.
Medications that stimulate the brain
Stimulant medicines (psychostimulants) are currently the most widely used ADHD medications. Stimulants appear to increase and balance the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. These drugs can assist with the signs and symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity – and in certain cases, they can do it quickly.
Here are several examples:
Amphetamines. Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), dextroamphetamine-amphetamine (Adderall XR, Mydayis), and lisdexamfetamine are examples of these substances (Vyvanse).
Methylphenidates. Methylphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin, and others) and dexmethylphenidate are two of them (Focalin).
Short-acting and long-acting stimulant medications are available. There is a long-acting methylphenidate patch (Daytrana) that can be worn on the hip.
It may take some time to discover the optimum dose because it differs from child to child. If your kid develops substantial side effects, the dose may need to be changed. Inquire with your doctor about stimulant side effects
Certain health hazards and stimulant medicines
According to some study, using ADHD stimulant drugs with certain cardiac problems may be a worry, and using stimulant medications may raise the risk of some psychiatric symptoms.
Problems with the heart. Although stimulant medicine can raise blood pressure and heart rate, the increased risk of major side effects or sudden death has yet to be proven. Before prescribing a stimulant medicine, the doctor should check your child for any cardiac conditions or a family history of heart problems, as well as monitor your child during stimulant use.
Psychiatric issues Stimulant medication use may raise the risk of agitation, psychosis, or manic symptoms on rare occasions. If your child develops new or worsening behavior or sees or hears things that aren't real while taking stimulant medicine, call your doctor right away.
Other drugs that may help with ADHD treatment include:
Atomoxetine is a drug that is used to treat a variety (Strattera)
Bupropion and other antidepressants (Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL, others)
Guanfacine is a kind of vegetable (Intuniv)
Clonidine is a drug that is used to treat (Catapres, Kapvay)
Antidepressants and atomoxetine function more slowly than stimulants and can take several weeks to fully take effect. If your child is unable to take stimulants due to health issues or if stimulants create severe adverse effects, these may be viable alternatives.
Concerns have been raised that children and teenagers taking nonstimulant ADHD medicine or antidepressants may have a slightly higher risk of suicidal thinking, though this has yet to be proven. If you observe any evidence of suicide thinking or other signs of depression in your child, contact his or her doctor.
Giving drugs in a safe manner
It's critical that your youngster takes the prescribed medication in the correct dosage. Stimulants and the danger of abuse and addiction may be a source of concern for parents. When your child takes stimulant medications exactly as prescribed by the doctor, they are considered safe. Your child should visit the doctor on a frequent basis to see if his or her medicine has to be changed.
Others, on the other hand, are concerned that stimulant medication recommended for children and teenagers with ADHD would be misused or abused. To keep your child's medications safe and to ensure that the proper amount is given at the right time, follow these steps:
Give drugs with caution. Without proper supervision, children and teenagers should not be in charge of their own ADHD medicine.
Keep medications in a childproof container at home. Also, keep medications out of reach of children. A stimulant drug overdose is dangerous and can be lethal.
Don't send your child's medication to school with him or her. You must personally deliver any medication to the school nurse or health office.
Theraputic behavior treatment for ADHD
A psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, or other mental health professional can give behavior treatment, social skills training, parent skills training, and counseling to children with ADHD. Other illnesses, such as anxiety disorder or depression, may coexist with ADHD in some children. Counseling may improve both the ADHD and the comorbid issue in these circumstances.
Here are some examples of therapy:
Behavioral therapy is a treatment that involves changing one's Teachers and parents can learn behavior-changing strategies for dealing with difficult situations, such as token reward systems and timeouts.
Training in social skills. This can aid in the development of proper social behaviors in children.
Parenting classes are available. This can assist parents in better understanding and guiding their children's behavior.
Psychotherapy. This allows older children with ADHD to discuss concerns that are bothering them, investigate bad behavior patterns, and learn how to manage their symptoms.
Therapy for the whole family. Parents and siblings can benefit from family counseling to cope with the stress of living with someone who has ADHD.
The best results are achieved when teachers, parents, therapists, and medics work together as a team. Learn about ADHD and the services that are available to you. Work with your child's instructors to support their efforts in the classroom by referring them to credible sources of knowledge.
A brand-new medical equipment
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a novel medical device for treating youngsters with ADHD aged 7 to 12 who are not taking ADHD medication. The Monarch external Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System is only available through prescription.
The eTNS gadget, which is about the size of a cell phone, can be used at home under parental supervision while the child is sleeping. The gadget generates low-level electrical stimulation, which is transmitted through a wire to a small patch on the child's forehead, where it sends signals to brain areas associated to attention, emotion, and behavior.
It's critical to talk about precautions, expectations, and possible adverse effects if eTNS is being explored. Your health care provider should provide you with the necessary information and instructions.
Treatment is ongoing.
If your child is being treated for ADHD, he or she should see the doctor on a frequent basis until symptoms have largely improved, and then once symptoms have stabilized, every three to six months.
If your kid is experiencing any drug side effects, such as loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping, or increased irritability, or if his or her ADHD symptoms have not improved significantly after initial therapy, consult a doctor.