Psychiatric disorders

What is the definition of a psychiatric disorder?

Psychiatry is a medical specialty that deals with mental, emotional, and behavioral issues. As a result, the phrase "psychiatric disorder" encompasses a wide range of issues that affect a person's thoughts, feelings, behavior, or mood. Psychiatric diseases, sometimes known as "mental illness" or "mental health issues," can have a substantial impact on a person's ability to perform at work or school, as well as maintain healthy social interactions. Note: Mental illness is not a sign of weakness. It's a medical problem. Psychiatric problems can be treated, however the most successful therapies differ from person to person, depending on the disorder and the scope and intensity of the symptoms.

Psychiatric diseases are just a few examples.

  • Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, and dementia-related illnesses are among the many diagnosable psychiatric disorders. Within those categories, some of the most frequent disorders (along with a brief description of associated traits) include:

  • Excessive, persistent, and irrational worry about everyday things is a symptom of generalized anxiety disorder.

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by intense, unsettling thoughts and sensations long after a traumatic event has occurred.

  • Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by persistently depressed moods as well as a lack of energy and excitement.

  • Bipolar disorder is characterized by mood, energy, and activity level swings.

  • Schizophrenia is a mental illness marked by out-of-body experiences and thoughts, such as hallucinations and delusions.

  • Schizoaffective disorder is characterized by hallucinations or delusions mixed with a mood condition, such as depression or bipolar disorder.

  • Borderline personality disorder is marked by tumultuous interpersonal connections as well as unpredictable and self-destructive behavior.

  • Characterized by an inflated feeling of self-importance, narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a type of personality disorder.

  • Anorexia nervosa is a disorder marked by a severe overvaluation of one's appearance and weight, which is often accompanied by excessive activity or dietary restriction.

  • Binge eating disorder is defined by frequent bouts of binge eating large amounts of food, typically to the point of discomfort, as well as a loss of control and feelings of shame.

Both the inattentive and hyperactive symptoms associated with ADHD can pose problems in school. Modern classrooms do not always allow for free movement, hands-on learning, or lessons tailored to individual interests and learning styles; as a result, young children who speak out of turn, fidget excessively, have trouble managing their time, or struggle to pay attention in lectures may find it difficult to keep up or behave appropriately. ADHD symptoms may continue to stymie academic progress in older kids, whether they are in high school or beyond.