ADHD vitamin deficiency
Is there a link between ADHD and vitamin deficiency?
ADHD is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disease that is often accompanied by a lack of vitamins and minerals. Although it has not been proven that nutrient deficiencies cause ADHD in children, research in children with ADHA have revealed shortages in some nutrients such as magnesium and vitamin D.Attention-Deficiency/Hyperactivity Condition (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by variable degrees of attention deficit and hyperactivity. Over the last few decades, the prevalence of ADHD has risen. Children with low academic and social development, learning impairments, social dysfunction, low self-esteem, and impaired emotion control are frequently diagnosed with ADHD. Many of these symptoms last throughout infancy and adulthood, resulting in a lower quality of life. ADHD affects 5 to 7% of school-aged children worldwide. ADHD has been diagnosed in 5.03 percent of Iranian boys and 2.79 percent of Iranian girls of school age. Although the specific etiology of ADHD has yet to be discovered, various environmental and genetic factors have been investigated. For example, a genetic component linked to dopaminergic genotypes exposed to environmental stressors before birth, such as maternal smoking, raises the chance of ADHD in offspring.
Smoking, alcohol and substance misuse, and mother stress during pregnancy are all risk factors for ADHD. Low birth weight, preterm delivery, pollutants including organophosphates, polychlorinated biphenyls, lead, artificial color ores, and the family's socioeconomic level are all well-known risk factors. Medications help to alleviate the symptoms of ADHD, and psychological treatment helps to sustain this impact. Despite treatment and counseling, a significant number of children with ADHD continue to be symptomatic. As a result of their concerns about prescription side effects, many parents seek "alternative" or "natural" therapy. According to previous studies, around 24.7 percent of children with ADHD got complementary and alternative treatment.
ADHD is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disease that is often accompanied by a lack of vitamins and minerals. Although it has not been proven that nutrient deficiencies cause ADHD in children, research in children with ADHA have revealed shortages in some nutrients such as magnesium and vitamin D. Vitamin D appears to be important for the healthy functioning of the central nervous system (CNS) and mental health. Although there is strong evidence that vitamin D levels are lower in children and adolescents with ADHD, the advantages of vitamin D supplementation in this population remain unknown. It is known, however, that the amount of vitamin D in this population is lower than in children who do not have ADHD. The function of vitamin D in psychiatric conditions such as autism, depression, and schizophrenia is well known, hence the goal of this study was to find out how it affects children with ADHD. Another vital vitamin linked to cognitive impairment is magnesium, which can cause symptoms including weariness, lack of attention, nervousness, and mood changes. Magnesium supplementation in patients with ADHD was proven to dramatically improve clinical symptoms in a study conducted by Baza et al. Children and adolescents with ADHD had significantly lower serum magnesium levels than the control group, according to the findings of one meta-analysis conducted by Effatpanah et al. However, because of the disparity in the studies, it was urged that more research be done. Vitamin D's and vitamin D's involvement in general has been supported by research. Supplementation with these two micronutrients as a supplemental treatment may be able to ameliorate the symptoms of these patients as an effective adjuvant therapy, owing to the involvement of vitamin D and magnesium in ADHD and the demonstrated insufficiency of these two substances within individuals with ADHD. As a result, we undertook this randomized controlled experiment to see if vitamin D and magnesium co-supplementation could help children with ADHD with their behavioral issues. In continuation of the previous study, the purpose of this publication is to describe the impact of vitamin supplementation on children's mental health.